Cavities are one of the most popular dental problems in toddlers and kids. Also attributed to tooth decay, a cavity is an enduringly infected area in a tooth.
They can occur in your child’s baby or primary teeth, and if so, you force shrug it off — your kid will ultimately lose these teeth, true? So what does it mean? But you shouldn’t neglect a cavity.
In this article of Health Fuller, we will explain to you what you require to understand about cavities in kids, including traditional causes, treatment choices, and prevention suggestions.
What causes cavities in kids?
Cavities happen when the development of dental plaque eats at tooth enamel and produces a hole. Plaque is a gluey substance that covers teeth, and it develops when bacteria in the mouth mix with acid, food, and saliva.
As regular flossing and brushing can stop a buildup of plaque, cavities usually emerge when kids don’t properly brush their teeth.
Kids should clean their teeth for at least two minutes twice a day. However, some kids only brush once a day. Or worse, they ignore to brush completely.
Kids are unable to brush properly by themselves until they’re about 6 years old. It’s vital that an adult brushes for a kid, or oversees their brushing until they’re grown enough to do a careful job.
Cavities can also occur when plaque and food scraps aren’t eliminated from in between teeth. Flossing can be very difficult for children, so again parents oblige to help with this major step.
Keep in mind, too, that healthy dental hygiene covers regular dental checkups. The same way adults consult a dentist every six months, you should arrange dental appointments for your kids.
As baby teeth typically explode around 6 months old, schedule your kid’s first dental appointment quickly after their first tooth becomes noticeable.
However, of course, inadequate dental hygiene isn’t the only reason for cavities — diet also plays a role. So there’s a higher opportunity for tooth decay if your kid consumes a lot of sweet, candied, or even starchy foods that are high in carbohydrates (cakes, ice cream, crackers, candy, chips, etc).
And although more investigation is needed, some people might be genetically influenced to cavities due to a lighter enamel.
Cavities in kids: What we can do?
Tooth decay doesn’t always cause discomfort, so knowing a cavity in your kid can be challenging. Symptoms that show a possible cavity include:
- white spots on the tooth
- dark spots on the tooth
- crying or fussiness
- mouth inflammation
- sensitivity to cold drinks or foods
- avoiding food
If you speculate a cavity, arrange an appointment with a pediatric dentist asap. They can check your kid’s teeth for symptoms of decay and then prescribe medication based on the amount of tooth decay.
Also Read: Relaxation Techniques For Children
How to treat cavities in kids?
A dental filling is popular for toddlers and kids who have one or more extra cavities. Fillings can intervene on permanent teeth, including on baby teeth.
During the process, the dentist eliminates the tooth decay and then fills the hole with metal material or a white composite. Filling a cavity that appears on a baby’s tooth can preserve or protect the tooth.
Preserving the tooth is essential because losing baby teeth early can cause a constant tooth to awkwardly come in. Baby teeth also cooperate with your child’s speaking and chewing. Dentists accomplish dental fillings on kids and toddlers, seldom as young as 1 or 2 years old.
In cases of stubborn tooth decay, your dentist might suggest a dental crown, which is usually silver in color.
Sometimes if the tooth is severely infected or has a plague, the baby tooth may require to be removed. If your dentist removes the tooth, they’ll keep the hole open with a space maintainer, which promotes permanent teeth to develop correctly.
By all means, getting young kids to sit for a dental process is challenging, to say the least. Some dentists will practice laughing gas or nitrous oxide to help kids relax during the process.
Dentists still have to give an injection to paralyzed their gums, but laughing gas usually makes it more comfortable. Your dentist can also orally calm your kid before the process.
If your kid has many cavities, your dentist might suggest breaking up the appointments. While this indicates more discussion for you, it can put your kid at comfort, as they don’t need to sit in the dental chair for an extensive period of the process.
Your dentist may suggest putting your kid to sleep for a dental procedure. This is described as general anesthesia, and it’s normally suggested when kids are very young, if they have many cavities, and if they have difficulty staying still.
How to prevent cavities in kids?
The most trustworthy way to prevent cavities in your kid is to teach healthy oral hygiene.
We understand you hesitate to feel like you have to watch their efforts, but it’s essential to closely observe your child as they floss and brush their teeth. Make sure they understand the proper procedure, and that they brush for the suggested amount of time.
They should floss at least once a day and brush their teeth twice a day. The more efficient method is to floss before brushing. Also, make certain you schedule dental appointments every six months.
Parents of younger babies: Don’t ignore baby oral care! Even if your infant doesn’t have teeth, their mouth however holds germs.
So clean their gums with a smooth cloth after each feeding, and mildly brush their teeth twice a day with a small-sized volume of kid-friendly fluoride toothpaste.
If your kid has a sweet tooth, suggest better alternatives to fill their cravings and preserve vigorous dental health. Alternatives to ice cream, cake, candy or cookies, include:
- low glycemic fruits (blueberries, blackberries, and raspberries)
- trail mix, with nuts
- frozen bananas
- unsweetened applesauce
- cheese sticks
- dried fruits with no sugar added
- granola bars
- carrots and dip
The Bottom Line
Cavities aren’t only an adult obstacle— they can also occur in kids and toddlers. So it’s essential to understand the early symptoms of a cavity and then discuss with your kid dentist.
Fillings can stop tooth decay from getting more dangerous, which benefits save a kid tooth.
Between, good dental hygiene and less sugar, you can shield your child’s teeth, thus limiting the possibility of eventual cavities.